Staloff’s thesis is that Puritan Massachusetts was run by an alliance of intellectuals (ministers, the producers of culture) and intelligentsia (magistrates, who administered culture through politics). The basis of their shared power he names cultural dominance, which he says is built on four principles: 1.) public recognition or ritual acceptance of leaders, 2.) leaders always agree publicly (avoids schisms), 3.) public expressions of the dominant culture are “socially privileged” and single source, 4.) dissent is suppressed, as are unauthorized expressions of culture. This was a challenging text, which assumed a prior knowledge of the events of the Puritan period, and applied the formulas of what Staloff calls a post-revisionist approach that was heavily influenced by Marx and Weber.